There is no secret that waste materials are a burden for the environment and the humanity. The common waste-disposal processes, such as burial and burning, choke the environment further. Waste-to-wealth is one of the promising approaches in which several waste materials could be transformed into useful plant nutrients (fertilizers, pesticides) and green energy that form the basis of sustainability. The advent and progress of nanotechnology add further dimension to this ‘wealth’ generation in various sectors, such as food, agriculture, medical, sensor, and energy applications. The nanomaterials produced in this process are more efficacious, non-toxic and have a minimal impact on the environment. These interdisciplinary works bring creative minds from academia, industry and regulatory bodies together that would not only promote a sustainable lifestyle, but also fuel creation of improved technologies and jobs for the whole community. In the last few decades, sufficient progress has been made for the synthesis of nano-materials from such wastes using chemical or biochemical approaches and a paradigm shift has now taken place to “create wealth from waste” rather than mere remediation of waste. Hence, one of the area where centre is focussing is to develop the nano-materials from the industrial waste(such as those from Zinc mines, Fly ash and Phosphogypsum dumps) and agricultural waste. The centre specializes in the Biomass refining to produce biomaterials, biochemicals, biofertilizers, nanoproducts, biopolymers and biofuels which have potential to replace the various non-renewable materials for various applications to improve the sustainability in a circular economy based process.